Srinagar City

Srinagar City

Area:  105 sq. kms
Altitude:  1,730 m.
Population:  930136 (2001 Census)
Language:  Kashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, English.
Temperature:  Max 29.5 °C to Min-1.9 °C.
Main Attractions:   Canals, Houseboats & Mughal Gardens.
How to spend time/Attractions:   Golf, Fishing, Shikara ride, Handicrafts Shopping, Photography, Sightseeing, etc.
Best Time to Visit:  Round the year.
Places of Interest:  Zabarwan Park , Pampore, Budshah Tomb, Maharaj Gunj, Burzahama, Parihaspora, Sri Pratap Museum.

Srinagar, the summer capital is situated in the centre of Kashmir valley and is surrounded by five districts. In the north it is flanked by Kargil, in the South by Pulwama, in the north-west by Budgam. This extremely beautiful place tells the story of the love of the Mughal emperors. It possess deep green rice fields and river bridges, gardens in bloom, lakes rimmed by houseboats, a business center and holiday resort. Srinagar has the distinction of having multifaceted and unique cultural blend, making it exclusive from the rest of the country, not only from the different cultural forms and heritage, but from geographical, demographically, ethical, social entities, which forms a distinct spectrum of diversity. Sri means ‘Lakshmi’ or ‘Wealth’ and Nagar a ‘city’. The summer capital of J&K State, Srinagar city has a vital role in the history of Kashmir. For this reason, Persian chronicles call it ‘Shehr-e-Kashmir’ or 'City of Kashmir'. According to Kalhana’s Rajtarangini, Srinagri was founded by King Ashoka in 3rd century BC near Panderethan about 8 km from the present city Srinagri remained capital until the new city of Pravarapura was founded by Parvarasana II in AD 630 near Hari Parbat, which is the present city. Years after the new city also assumed the name of Srinagri since both cities were near to each other. Hiuen Tsang the Chinese traveler mentions Paravapura as the capital when he traveled to Kashmir in 631 AD. The choice of Parvarasana II is considered impeccable as the present Srinagar city is supposed to be almost equidistant from Jammu, Rawalpindi, Leh and Gilgit through the old routes.

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